Rishiri Island, which is part of Hokkaido Prefecture, means “tall island” in Ainu language. Ainu people, which can be also called an Anyu, are indigenous people of Japan, especially Hokkaido Prefecture and Sakhalin area in Russia. Historically Ainu people are not Yamato clan but from a clan in northern Mongolia. Ainu people had their own language, which is Ainu language, and had a feature of phratry. It is said that Ainu people their own traditional system to make human name; however, nowadays most of them use Japanese or Russian names.
Meiji government and society thought traditions and cultures of Ainu were not modern so they banned them to keep their traditions. In addition to this, Ainu people used to live in the wide regions of Japan but government forced them to move to Hokkaido area. Their own cultures were destroyed and Ainu people had been discriminated for a long time. Nowadays, some Ainu people live in an Ainu village and keep their lives by selling crafts.